Trade Like a Hedge Fund 20 Successful Uncorrelated Strategies and Techniques to Winning Profits: Buy Trade Like a Hedge Fund 20 Successful Uncorrelated Strategies and Techniques to Winning Profits by Altucher J at Low Price in India

mutual funds

Although there is no one to oversee the operations of a hedge fund, it works according to the terms and conditions as prescribed by the various partners. Range trading is a strategy that seeks to profit from consolidating markets – a market price that remains within lines of support and resistance. While trend traders are concerned with the overall trend, range traders are concerned with price oscillations in the short term. Is a partner at Subway Capital, a hedge fund focused on special arbitrage situations and short-term statistically based strategies.

Within an economy, trade can occur between producers and consumers. This is the number of times a stock is purchased and sold in a given time period. A high level of volume indicates that there is a lot of interest in a stock. An increase in a stock’s volume is frequently a sign of a price increase, either up or down. A reversal can occur in either direction because it is simply a shift in market sentiment. It is critical to ensure that the market is not simply retracing when trading reversals.

  • What’s more, hedge fund managers are also eligible to receive bonuses as per the fund’s performance.
  • Shanghvi said construction of a portfolio is a summation of various stocks based on the different models, that in his case, he uses in his Market Neutral Fund.
  • It involves analysing crypto projects and determining whether to take long or short positions in them.
  • However, not all of us know what a hedge fund is, much less how it functions and operates.
  • The basic structure of these funds is just like other mutual funds.

You should think about investing in a variety of hedge funds with various investment strategies rather than putting all of your money in one single hedge fund. By understanding the types, strategies, and examples of hedge funds, investors can better navigate this complex landscape and make informed decisions about their investment portfolios. While there are many different hedge fund strategies you can use, the crypto long-short strategy is one of the simplest and most effective. It involves analysing crypto projects and determining whether to take long or short positions in them.

Investment strategies:

As per the tax rules, the tax rate for the Category-3 AIF comes out to be around 43%. Articles outside the subscription period can be bought separately for a small price per article. Pay 20% or “var + elm” whichever is higher as upfront margin of the transaction value to trade in cash market segment. Stock Brokers can accept securities as margin from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f. September 1, 2020. British billionaire Jim Ratcliffe made a revised bid on Thursday as Finnish entrepreneur Thomas Zilliacus entered the race to own the Old Trafford club.

They deploy complex why pay off loans early savings and peace of mind strategies for the purposes of investment-related decision making. As the name implies “hedge”, these funds aim to protect downsides or reduce risks through their exposures in related instruments available in the market. Long/short equity strategy entails simultaneously taking long and short positions in equity or equity derivatives.

Hedge funds are structured in such a way that it aligns the interest of the fund manager and the investors, with provisions such as high watermark. While our interest is in hedge funds today, there is no universal definition for them in securities laws. In reality there are scores of sub-strategies but hedge funds broadly operate within any of the above classifications. Arbitrage generally involves making several transactions and using a large sum of money to gain a meaningful return.


A. Hedge funds are an alternative investment vehicle that invests in different securities in the market. These funds make investment strategies to get the downside protection or reduce the risk along with generating high returns on the investment. From long-short equity to event-driven and global macro, these funds employ complex financial instruments and techniques to generate high returns for their investors. On the other hand, hedge funds are typically only available to accredited investors who must meet certain income or net worth requirements and often require a minimum investment amount. Hedge funds also may have restrictions on when investors can buy or sell their shares.

What are the different types of hedge funds in the market?

Bonds of Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone Ltd., Adani Electricity Mumbai Ltd. and Adani Transmission Ltd. are backed by hard assets and strong cash flows verifiable by third parties, investors said. Sanghavi started his career in 2000 with HDFC Bank where he worked for five years as a part of its equities and private banking team. He also worked with DSP Merrill Lynch’s strategic risk group for three years and was responsible for managing their proprietary investments in equities amounting to $1 billion.


A large imbalance between willing buyers and desperate sellers needing cash may compel a hedge fund to sell its portfolio below “fair value”. If many aggressive high-margin speculators have similar positions in a credit crisis, this can induce a liquidity crisis, or vice-versa. This type of interaction seems to have contributed to the collapse of LTCM.

Accredited investors only:

Hedge funds are generally very secretive in their work; however, they report their returns to hedge fund indexing firms. One strategy is the direct strategy in which the ETF will directly take positions in the underlying assets needed to provide the promised return by passive management or active management. Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully before investing.

On the contrary, a debt fund is also a kind of mutual fund that comes with low risk, so much so that it remains undisturbed by market fluctuations. Debt funds are still a better option than Fixed Deposits because they can generate a higher percentage of returns. So, if you are not in favor of taking high risks, debt funds are a go-to.

This strategy involves buying stocks in companies that are being acquired and shorting the developing company’s stock. The hedge fund aims to profit from the difference in the price of the two stocks as the merger progresses. These funds use various investment strategies, including long and short positions, leverage, and derivatives.

Some of the features of a hedge fund are its risky nature, illiquid capital withdrawal, minimum investment limit, and the two and twenty structure. All in all, a hedge fund is a risky, highly profitable, and taxable investment fund. Lastly, a hedge fund always looks for both traditional and non-traditional assets for investment in order to gain hefty profits. What’s more, hedge fund managers are also eligible to receive bonuses as per the fund’s performance. Apart from this structure, a hedge fund allows people with a high-end income to invest their money in profitable opportunities like real estate, equities, currencies, and other securities.

For example, with, there is a right or an obligation to buy or sell an underlying stock at a pre-determined price, date and time. Investing in such securities automatically diversifies trading techniques. Hedge funds in India do not need to be necessarily registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India , our markets regulator or disclose their NAVs at the end of the day. All other mutual funds are required to follow these regulatory requirements. Sanghavi said rising interest rate regimes have historically been favourable for market-neutral strategies. As higher interest rates typically lead to higher volatility and more price dislocations within sectors and stocks, opportunities because of this would be ample, leading to better monetisation, he said.

Tools for Evaluating Hedge Fund Performance:

Hedge fund losses may be deductible by investors on their taxes, but the regulations can be complicated. Investors must first offset gains with losses from the same type of investment in order to deduct losses. Investors may deduct up to $3,000 annually from their regular income if there are still losses. Hedge funds are subject to less regulatory oversight than other investments, which can increase the risk of fraud or other illegal activities. Hedge funds typically charge high management and performance fees, which can reduce investor returns. This strategy involves taking advantage of corporate events, such as mergers and acquisitions or bankruptcies, to generate profits.

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Risk- Depends upon the type of fund, their underlying assets, & strategies. Investments in securities market are subject to market risk, read all the related documents carefully before investing. Hedge funds often charge high fees, which can eat into your returns. This includes management fees, performance fees, and other expenses.

The securities used for trading are commodities, equity, currency, and fixed income. To generate profit, the fund manager takes long and short positions in the direction of the market being influenced by major economic events. In a hedge fund, the fund manager pools money from investors and uses various unconventional strategies to earn profits.

The high watermark provision is one which allows the fund manager to get compensated for his performance only if the fund crosses a certain watermark. E) Trading / Trading in “Options” based on recommendations from unauthorised / unregistered investment advisors and influencers. Thus, ETFs have successfully delivered the hedge fund experience to the common masses. The ETFs then try to replicate these returns with the help of the liquid assets at hand. Risk-ReturnsRisk- Depends upon strategy but they aim to reduce risks through hedging. However, the fee structure can be fund specific and would be charged as per the structure of a particular hedge fund.

In short, it involves making money from expected volatility in the stock market. The fund’s investors care both about total return and about active return (to ensure that the portfolio manager is properly positioned in terms of the investor’s allocation of funds across benchmark types). For hedge funds, active risk management and total risk measurement are equivalent since the benchmark is risk-free cash. Recently in February, SEBI has issued mandatory guidelines for the Cat-3 AIFs relating to disclosure mechanism wherein the hedge funds would have to mandatorily conduct performance benchmarking on a half-yearly basis.

Examples of derivatives include futures and options, which are traded on stock exchanges. Derivatives are called so because their value is derived from an underlying asset. A futures contract grants the right and the obligation to buy or sell an underlying stock at a predetermined price and date. On the other hand, an options contract grants its buyer the right but not the obligation.

The minimum ticket size for investors putting money in these hedge funds is Rs 1 crore. According to Eurekahedge India Hedge Fund Index, which tracks hedge funds in India, the category generated 5.07 per cent return in 2015 compared to 38.84 per cent logged in 2014. Hedge mutual funds pool money from larger investors like high networth individuals , endowments, banks, pension funds and commercial firms. This pooled money is used to invest in such securities in national and international markets. Being amongst the first few fund managers to venture into hedge funds and that early in his career, Sanghvi says he had a considerable exposure in long short market strategy to understand its peaks and troughs.

Risky Investments

Each sort of hedge fund has a unique risk profile and investing approach. Equity long/short funds, for instance, invest in both long and short stock positions with the goal of making money regardless of the state of the market. On the other hand, event-driven funds invest in the securities of businesses that are going through important corporate events including mergers and acquisitions, insolvencies, and spin-offs. In order to profit from macroeconomic trends, global macro funds invest across a range of asset classes, such as equities, bonds, currencies, and commodities.

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A trading strategy is founded on predefined rules and criteria that are used to make trading decisions. Let us suppose the Nav of the fund in the starting year is Rs 1,000, the next year, it went to Rs 3,000, and in the third year, it fell to Rs 1,700. Now, the high watermark provision may state that the fund manager will only get their performance fees in year four if and when the fund crosses the Rs-3,000-level watermark. This aligns the interest of the manager with that of the investor to target new achievements. It shall include venture capital funds, SME Funds, social venture funds, infrastructure funds, and such other alternative investment funds as may be specified. So we can conclude that hedging strategies help investors to sleep peacefully at night instead of waking them up with nightmares of ‘what if?

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However, not all of us know what a hedge fund is, much less how it functions and operates. We only get to know about these mysterious beasts when the market turns volatile and the volatility is blamed on hedge funds’ trading operations. Because hedge funds invest in different types of assets, their returns may not be closely tied to the stock market, which can be beneficial during market volatility. Unlike mutual funds and other investment vehicles, hedge funds are subject to less regulation, which gives managers more freedom to pursue unique investment strategies. On the other hand, hedge funds may use various investment strategies, some of which can be more complex and risk higher than those used by mutual funds.

Blindly following a system might make you money for the short to medium term. However the real strength I found in the book was to spur my imagination to modify his systems to suit myself, thereby turning them into my systems. Since they are now “mine”, I am free to change them as conditions change going forward.